After months of trying to advance a no parking proposal, Mercer Island City Council tabled indefinitely a proposal on Monday to along East, West and North Mercer Way — collectively known as "The Mercers".
A "No Parking — Dawn to Dusk" ordinance along The Mercers was first offered by the city on Feb. 21, with the stated purpose of the restrictions to improve safety for pedestrians and cyclists who could use the shoulder as motorists attempted to legally pass them. But an outpouring of public criticism pushed of the parking restrictions from city engineers in March, based primarily on a proposal circulated by Deputy Mayor Dan Grausz. At the July 16 meeting, another analysis was widely circulated and discussed — but it wasn't a product of or the council.
Local resident Joe Barer, the president of Seattle-based consultant firm Lake Partners, drafted his own analysis of cyclist safety on Mercer Island by reviewing all 142 reported accidents that involved cyclists over the past 11 years on all of Mercer Island.
In the report's executive summary, Barar states that of the 142 accident reports, parked cars on the Mercers have never been cited as a contributing factor — the primary reason cited for the parking restrictions. Cyclists never state, according to police reports, that the accident could have been avoided if the road were wider. He also found that only two reports where a vehicle parked on the shoulder of those roads were involved in an accident, and both times the cyclist was found at fault.
"The public input has been great we have had a lot of it," said Mayor Bruce Bassett. "I was impressed by the thoughtfulness and work that was done."
The report analyzed the details of 120 Mercer Island Police reports and cross-referenced them with the WSDOT collision database, which had records of an additional 22 accidents. The analysis also found that bikes hit by passing cars are rare (not a single bike hit in the past 5 years) but bikes passing moving cars account for 12 percent of accidents. Meanwhile, a stretch of North Mercer Way with shoulders added between the Roanoke Inn and 76th Ave. SE had seen no accidents in the 11 years studied.
About 53 percent of car-bike accidents occurred at intersections, according to the report, and about 25 percent of all accidents happened at five "Problem Spots": North Mercer Way and 77th Ave. SE, SE 26th St. and North Mercer Way/I-90, West Mercer Way and 78th Ave. SE, East Mercer Way and SE 53rd Pl., and SE 68th St. and 84th Ave. Southeast.
Barer's report cites cyclists to blame in the majority of accidents, with 24 percent of accidents involving only bicycles. When cars are added to the mix, however, motorists cause most of the accidents. Accidents at intersections and driveways account for 56 percent of all accidents, with motorists twice as likely (61 percent) to blame as cyclists. Of the accidents that occur on the open roadway, less than 15 percent of them happen on straight or curved roads and cyclists and motorists are roughly equal at fault (45 percent for motorists; 48 percent for cyclists; 7 percent jointly).
The report also observed that most accidents involve off-Island residents, and parking restrictions would unfairly be bourne by local residents, an issue Bassett and Grausz took exception to.
"I get very uncomfortable when it becomes an us-versus-them argument — that is not a good conversation to have," Bassett said. "It may be that I'm that somebody on a bike driving you crazy by not going fast enough, not some 'off-Island' person."
The report suggests improved signage at intersections and a closer look by staff at problem intersections, and avoiding parking restrictions that encourage drivers to enter and exit hidden driveways.
"Cars entering/exiting driveways to park pose a far greater risk than cars parking in shoulders (no historical risk)," notes the report.
Assistant City Engineer , who originally recommended leaving decisions to restrict parking to City Hall, agreed to investigate the so-called problem spots and said she would review and attempt to verify the report's findings and conclusions.
"(We will) look at each of these intersection a little more in depth and apply engineering fundamentals," she said. "Some problems are correctible, others aren't."
The council also committed to forming a 7-person citizen's committee by the end of the summer to consider "opportunities for further shoulder improvements/lane adjustment projects on the Mercer Ways in order to enhance user safety without adversely affecting residents." The committee would consist of three residents from the Mercers, two Island cyclists and two persons who regularly use the Mercers as pedestrians. The Mayor and Deputy Mayor will also sit on the committee.
Once the committee issues its report, the parking issue on The Mercers could return to city council in the form of a new ordinance.
For more on the report, click on the pdf image of the report below the picture box to the right of this story.